Mangerton
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Mangerton

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Page sections: Land Grants | Early Residents | Early Industry | Early Transport | Historic Buildings | Environment | Timeline | Bibliography

Mangerton - History

Mangerton was originally part of John Thompson's grant of 640 acres, called Glen Glosh. This property was later bought by Dr John Osborne and divided into Mangerton and Garden Hill.

Traditionally, Mangerton is said to have been named after a place in John Osborne's native county of Tyrone in Northern Ireland. However, no place of this name has been located in Tyrone. There are two other explanations for the naming of Mangerton. Firstly, there is a Mangerton in Liddesdale, Scotland. The Laird of Mangerton was chief of the Armstrongs and a James Armstrong had clearing leases on Dr John Osborne's Garden Hill estate. Secondly, a family member, who had spent time with Belle and Edith Osborne (Dr John Osborne's Grand-daughters), said that John Osborne had thought there was some resemblance between Wollongong and the Mangerton Hills in Ireland. This was where Dr John and his wife are believed to have spent their honeymoon.

Land grants - see Wollongong - Land grants

Early residents - see Wollongong - Early residents

Early industry - see Wollongong - Early industry

Early transport - see Wollongong - Early transport

Mangerton - Historic buildings

Ferndale

Address: 27 Mangerton Road

The original Matchett home was purchased with three acres of land soon after the family arrived from Victoria in May, 1926

Hightrees

Address: Mangerton Road

Architect: James Hughes (Hugh) Britten

Hugh Britten was a local architect with a considerable corpus of work in Wollongong. Built in 1936, this was Hugh Britten’s own home, an early Wollongong example of the Inter-War Functionalist style (sometimes known as the Ocean Liner style). Britten used his characteristic rectilinear and curved forms, wide overhanging eaves and roof-concealing parapets. In this design the facetted arrangement of the continuous windows in the semicircular bay is notable. This house has been altered since the Brittens lived here but the essence of his style is still clearly evident. (Irving, 2001, p.67)

Orana

Address: Norman Street
Designer: Cecil Francis
Builder: John Luborg

Orana is an Aboriginal name meaning ‘Welcome”. This splendid home was built in 1952 and it epitomises the Functionalist style. The design exploits the steep slope and takes a calculated account of solar angles to provide shade in the summer and warmth in the winter. The flat roof provides access to admire the distant views. The lowest storey was originally an exposed column-and-beam structure. (Irving, 2001, p.97)

Mangerton - Environment

Although Mangerton is primarily a residential suburb of Wollongong, its most dominant environmental feature is Mangerton Park. The Park is a remnant of the original vegetation of this part of the coastal plain and includes turpentine woodland in the higher parts and sub tropical rainforest in the wetter downslope. The 4.5 hectare area provides important habitat for the many native animals that have suffered from the pressure of urban development. A wide variety of birds, mammals and reptiles rely on this area for their survival. Weed invasion is a serious threat to the Parks ecology. Restoring and maintaining the Park has been been a long term project spanning decades and has been largely due to the The Friends of Mangerton Park, working through Wollongong Council’s Bushcare program and in collaboration with the local community. (Local cuttings file)

Mangerton Park has a great diversity of flora. Studies have identified 54 species of trees and shrubs, 23 species of climbers and 39 species of ground covers, herbs and ferns. This diversity of flora supports over 70 species of birds that use the park either as residents or as a migration stop over.

In 1993 The National Trust awarded The Friends of Mangerton Park an Environmental Trust Scheme Grant and in 1995, they were awarded Total Catchment Management Enhancement funding. These grants and the continuing support of the Bushcare program have been invaluable in the regeneration and long term restoration of Mangerton Park. (Davis, 1995)

Mangerton - Timeline

  
Event
1824
Governor Brisbane promises the 640 acres known as Glen Gosh to John (Joseph) Thompson
1828
John (Joseph) Thompson  sells Glen Gosh to John Tawell
1831
John Tawell sells Glen Gosh to Dr John Osborne
1831
Governor Darling grants deeds of Glen Gosh to Dr John Osborne, who divided the property and renamed Garden Hill and Mangerton
1834
Dr John Osborne appointed Illawarra District Surgeon
1850
Dr John Osborne dies at Garden Hill
1916
Land release of  first subdivision in Mangerton Estate
1923
Land release of subdivision “Woodlawn”
1937
Mangerton Reservoir completed
1938
Mangerton Reservoir officially opened
1941
77 allotments released in the McArthur Heights subdivision
1952
Mount St Thomas Public School established to serve Mount St Thomas, Mangerton and Woodlawn
1952
Amateur theatre group formed at Mangerton Hall
1956
Anglican Archbishop Mowll opened and dedicated for worship St Matthew’s Church Hall in Phillip Crescent
1958
Water Board announces project for Mangerton No. 2 Reservoir
1960
Water Board announces the extension of sewerage services to 260 properties in Mangerton
1961
Housing Commission of NSW announces public housing project for Mangerton. Several flat developments are constructed over the next 10 years
1964
A 60 ft radio tower is put into place near Mangerton Reservoir
1986
Mangerton Post Office Agency withdrawn from service
1988
First Tree Planting Day (17th January) for Mangerton Park
1993
National Trust awards Friends of Mangerton Bushland an Environmental Trust Scheme grant for bush regeneration
1995
 National Trust awards Friends of Mangerton Bushland a Total Catchment Management Enhancement grant for bush regeneration
1998
Land release of new subdivision “The Pinnacle”
2008
The inaugural Mangerton ROMP fun day held at Mangerton Park
2008
Land release of new subdivision “Mangerton Hill Estate”

Bibliography

Davis, Wayne (ed.), Environment Illawarra : initiatives, Wollongong : Keira Green Corridor Committee, 1995

Irving, Robert, Twentieth century architecture in Wollongong, Paddington, N.S.W. : Barbara Beckett, 2001

Local Studies Cuttings File

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