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Windang

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Page Sections: Land Grants | Early Residents | Early Industry | Early Transport | Historic Buildings | Environment | Timeline

History

Windang is an aboriginal word meaning "scene of a fight". Windang is said to have been "founded" by William Turnbull. Turnbull purchased some land in the area in 1920 and erected a two story building called "Wyndang House". In 1926 the Post Office attached to this house was officially named Windang Post Office following a submission from Turnbull to have the name changed from the unofficial Lake Illawarra Post Office. The request was granted on the proviso that "the correct spelling be adopted namely Windang, which is that of the Island and Trigonometrical Station thereon in the vicinity".

Windang Island

The native name for Windang Island was "Kauyanggang" (Kanyangang) which meant "saved by the big bear who pulled the Island into its present position". The Island was called Windang Island as far back as 1848 when it was described in William Henry Wells' Geographical Dictionary as "an island situated at the entrance of Lake Illawarra, in the county of Camden, NSW".

Land grants

The area now described as the suburb of Windang appears to have been designated as a Township Reserve on an 1834 map of the Illawarra drawn by the Surveyor H F White . This land is adjacent to the Five Islands Farm originally known as Illawarra Farm which was granted to David Allan. The name was changed to Five Islands Estate upon purchase by William Charles Wentworth. (McDonald c1988)

In 1896 a certain part of the peninsula was gazetted for defence purposes and in 1920 other parts for public recreation. Timber Licenses were granted on a timber reserve at the end of Perkins Beach. (Parish of Wollongong map 12th ed.)

Early residents

William Turnbull

In 1920 William Turnbull established his Belwarra Estate at the northern point of the Lake entrance. Windang House was built by Mr Turnbull in 1920 as a family home and guest house.

Early industry

Tourism and recreational fishing have always been of major importance in the area. Guest houses sprung up in the 1930's to cater for the tourist and the Windang Camping Reserves have never ceased to be popular (Picturesque Illawarra: the garden of NSW [1940])

Preparations for the construction of a breakwater on the northern side of Windang Island and a dredged channel commenced in 1890 to enable ocean going vessels to access the lake entrance. The scheme was abandoned in the early 1900s. (Barwick-Hooke, c1988)

Early transport

No matter what the costs of motoring were, touring and…..picnicking brought growth and commerce to more dispersed areas. In 1927 over 2000 holiday-makers reportedly camped at the northern side of the entrance to Lake Illawarra (Urban Illawarra c1977)

Historic buildings 

Windang Boatshed

The boatshed was built by Ben Howard in 1936. Attached to the shed was a shop and seafood restaurant which Mr Howard and his wife Mary operated. (Neels, 1988; Harrison, 1993)

Windang House

A two storey wooden residence located near the Lake bridge. Originally known as Wyndang House. Built by Mr William Turnbull in 1920 as a family home and guest house. A post office and Hooper's general store were attached. Sold in 1927 as part of subdivision of the land the house remained as a guest house until it was demolished in 1980. (Illawarra Images)

Environment

In the past Lake Illawarra and surrounds have been degraded by urban and industrial development. Increased runoff into the lake - silt, industrial pollutants and nutrients such as fertilisers and sewage - resulted in the lake losing its natural filters of wetlands and vegetation around its edges. The formation of the Lake Illawarra Authority and the foreshore improvement works undertaken has highlighted the ecological value of the public land around the lake.

Lake Illawarra Authority has the task of reviving and restoring the lake so that it continues to provide an attractive recreational and tourism resource.

The sandy shoals of the entrance channel provide feeding and roosting sites for many wader species. The number and variety of bird species varies considerably with the season. The foreshore area provides suitable habitats for several rodentia species. (Environmental Defender's Office NSW, Weekly bulletin)

Bird life of Lake Illawarra

Pelicans, Black Swan, Tern, Egret, Cormorant, Spoonbill, White faced Heron, Curlew, Teal, Ibis and Duck are the most prolific species of birds found on the Lake. The main source of food for these birds is fish, weed, microbes and worms found in and around the Lake's edge. (Massey, 1991)

Little Tern

This small partly migratory seabird is listed as an Endangered Species on Schedule 1 of the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act , 1995. A very small colony returns to breed every year on a site at Windang near the Lake inlet. (NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service)

Filamentous algae

This is a nutrient found in the Lake which is important in the growth and development of many species of estuarian fish. (Massey, 1991)

Weed in Lake Illawarra

The weed growing on the lake flats provides food for a variety of fish and birds and is vital in the ecological food chain. If the weed beds are touched in anyway the impact would be devastating to the fish and bird life of the Lake. (Massey, 1991)

Fish stocks in Lake Illawarra

Fish stocks can fluctuate from year to year depending on weather conditions. Species of fish caught in the Lake include Luderick (Black fish), Whiting, Bream, Tailor, Jewfish, Yellowtail, Mullet, Dusky Flathead, Mudcrab and School Prawns. (Massey, 1991)

Lake Improvement works near Windang

Entrance improvement works include - construction of an internal rock wall and an external sea wall through the surf to connect with Windang Island; installation of a sand dune extending almost to the island to create a shallow water way as a bird sanctuary and construction of a boat ramp and channel.

See also Warrawong profile.

Windang - Timeline

  
Event
1796
Landing of Bass and Flinders in the Tom Thumb at the mouth of Lake Illawarra.
1824
 Hume report to the Government re possibility of settlement in the area
1885
Plan for overseas harbour out of the Lake to export coal in particular. Plans abandoned when reef is discovered near Windang Island
1919
W. Turnbull settles at the north point entrance to the Lake - known as Belwarra Estate
1920
Provision made at Windang for camping
1920
Windang House built
1926
Sale of  Turnbull's subdivision
1926
Road linking Port Kembla and Shellharbour proposed by Shellharbour Council
1936
32,000 pounds made available to build bridge across the lake
1938
Lake Illawarra bridge officially opened
1939
Large land sale around Windang House to development company
1942
Windang Public School established
1944
Water supply extended across bridge to Lake Illawarra South
1948
Sand removal and dune stabilisation works commence on the northern end of the peninsula
1948
Bridge damaged by Teredo worms
1956
Lake Illawarra Hotel built in Windang
1957
Windang Surf Club established
1966
Construction of Windang Surf Club Clubhouse
1967
Commencement of sand dredging at entrance and stabilisation of drift sands on Windang Peninsula to create parklands
1969
Wollongong Aerial Patrol operates from Perkins Beach
1969
Manmade entrance to Lake Illawarra closes
1976
Concept of a single Lake Illawarra Authority recommended
1977
NSW Govt announces Public Works engineering study of methods to improve lake entrance
1984
 Floods
1987
Lake Illawarra Authority Act proclaimed
1988
Bicentennial project completed - Tom Thumb Garden
1988
Windang boat ramp constructed
1989
Unveiling of sculpture at Tom Thumb Garden to commemorate and symbolise the Aboriginal dreamtime story of the whale and the koala and the creation of Windang Island
1989
Federal government funds provided for deep sea boat ramp project
1991
Floods
1994
Windang Beach and Garden playground opens
1994
Windang homes threatened by bushfire
1996
Formation of Lake Illawarra Authority
1996
Windang Peninsula Heritage Park eastablished.  A project to preserve the Illawarra’s Aboriginal heritage and protect native flora and fauna.
1997
Conservation works commence on Windang Island
1997
Under Mabo legislation over 2.5 ha of beachfront strip Crown land on Windang Peninsula reverts to ownership by Illawarra Aboriginal Land Council
1999
Lake entrance improvements commence
2005
Plan for further Lake entrance improvement works goes on public exhibition
2006
Demolition of Windang boatshed.
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