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Cordeaux/Cordeaux Heights
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Page sections: Land Grants | Early Residents | Early Industry | Early Transport | Historic Buildings | Environment | Timeline | Bibliography

History

Parish of Kembla County of Camden

Cordeaux was the name of William Cordeaux (1792-1839) an early resident and land commissioner, for whom the area of Cordeaux, west of Mount Kembla was named.  Cordeaux Heights is a planned suburb of Wollongong, established in the 1980s.

Location

Cordeaux Heights is located approximately 7 kms south west of Wollongong, situated on the lower slopes of Mount Kembla.  Immediately to the north lies the suburb of Mount Kembla, along William James Drive and Cordeaux Road.  On the east, across Cordeaux Road is the suburb of Figtree.  Unanderra and Farmborough Heights lie to the south across the roads of Staff Road and the eastern end of Central Road.  The western aspect of the suburb is set within the framework of the Illawarra escarpment which blends into the Mount Kembla area, from the ends of the roads branching off the western side of Derribong Drive. (Golder Moss Associates, 1974)

Land Grants

The area was first settled by Martin Robert Cole (Captain Cole), George Waples, John Graham, Robert Jenkins, Jemima Jenkins and George Lindsay, amongst others.  For more information on Land Grants in this area, see Farmborough Heights, Mount Kembla and Unanderra pages.

Early Residents

Fishlock family

The Fishlocks came to Australia in 1844.  The lived in the Dapto area at Evans Farm and later purchased a block of land, Lot 73, at Cordeaux River. Robert Fishlock and his sons cleared the land and erected a building on the bank of Young's Creek.  They also had stock yards and a small orchard.  The Fishlocks produced honey and also supplied bark sheets for roofing. (McNamara, 2007)

Carr Family

Peter Carr came to Australia in 1856. Peter purchased a property at Cordeaux River and called it "Avoca Vale",  At the time of the Landholders census in 1885 Peter Carr owned 261 acres and had 4 horses, 70 cattle and 20 pigs.  Peter left the Cordeaux property about 1890 when he purchased a property known as "Berkeley" in Unanderra. (McNamara, 2007)

William Rann

Will Rann was a highly respected resident of Cordeaux.  He leased property to South Coast graziers and dairymen.  Rann's property was acquired by the Metropolitan Water, Sewerage and Drainage Board in 1950. (McNamara, 1997)

Early Industry

Dairy and general Farming

For more information on early farming and dairy farming in the area, see the Farmborough Heights and Kembla Grange pages.

The Pioneer Kerosene Mine
For more information on the Pioneer Kerosene Mine, see the Mount Kembla page.

Coal Mining
For more information on coal mining in this area, see the Mount Kembla page.

Early Transport

For more information on early transport in this area see the Unanderra, Mount Kembla and Kembla Grange pages.

 

Historic buildings

The Elms

The homestead of early settlers at Cordeaux, William and Sarah Rann.  The homestead was probably situated on a block of land - Lot 218 - selected by Timothy Brian.  This was the first land purchased by William Rann when he arrived at Cordeaux. (McNamara, 1997)

 

Environment

The land of Cordeaux Heights forms part of the Sydney Basin.  The area in general is located on a sloping topography overlying horizontal sedimentary strata on a volcanic base, known as the Illawarra Coal Measures, with residual soil and rock debris which is essentially clayey.  Cordeaux Heights varies from gently to steeply sloping and is now mainly residential, but before this the area was extensively cleared by white man for farming purposes.  Originally, the area was covered with rainforest, with abundant native flora and fauna, and there were two types of vegetation; sclerophyll forests and rainforest, which can still be found in protected gullies between foothills, along the slopes.  In more open areas which have more exposure to sun and wind, Eucalypts dominate, especially Eucalyptus quadrangulata.  Warm temperate and sub-tropical rainforest once grew along the banks of Charcoal Creek and rainforest merged into tall eucalypt open forest which replaced it along the ridges.  (Davis, 1995; Golder Moss Associates, 1974; Kembla Green Corridor, 1991)

Black Wattles predominated in the creek areas at the time of proposed feasibility studies for the establishment of the suburb, with small stands of Melaleucas, Eucalypts, and Myrtles.  Almost all of the land has views of the escarpment with Mount Kembla predominating.  The ridge along Staff Road protects much of the area from the colder southerly winds which prevail in winter. 

Development of Cordeaux Heights

Up to 1973, the area which today is the site of Cordeaux Heights, was made up of 3 dairy farms, and had been grazed extensively.  At this time, the farms were purchased by R. W. Sheargold Pty. Ltd., for the potential development of a new suburb.  (R.W. Sheargold, 1974)

In 1974, a feasibility study was carried out by the company Golder, Moss Associates, Consulting Geotechnical Engineers.  In April, 1979, Wollongong City Council formulated a Development Strategy – Cordeaux Heights Estate, to be put to a Special Meeting of council held on 9th April, 1979.  The area of land released was sufficient to proved housing and amenities for up to 5,000 people.  (Forbes and Associates, 1978; Dunk, K.R., 1979)

The plan was based on road and allotment layout being primarily dictated by pedestrian movement within the neighbourhood.  The suburb was to include dedicated open space of not less than 3 hectares per 1,000 head of population, to cater for active and passive recreational activities.  The developer was also required to construct a new section of road to facilitate access to and within the new suburb.  The road layout and design was based on a hierarchical function of roads, conforming to the road strategy in the Unanderra area, with main distributors (Central Road and Cordeaux Road), and minor collector roads to service the area.  Such things as bus routes, services (schools), accessibility around the suburb by both cars and pedestrians, and protection of the environment, were all factored into the development. (Dunk, K.R., 1979). 

Cordeaux Heights - Timeline

  
Event
1770
Mount Kembla first sighted by Captain Cook (Wednesday 25th April)
1810
Cedar getters commence felling trees in area
1815
Settlement begins in Figtree/ Unanderra (Charcoal) areas
1817
Robert Jenkins receives land grant of 1,000 acres, which he names Berkeley.
1821
O'Briens Road built descending over the range to the 'Fig Tree'
1834
Jemima Jenkins purchases 2,000 acres at Berkeley.
1840
Presbyterian and Roman Catholic Schools established at Unanderra
1844
Farmborough House is built on land acquired by Robert Martin Cole  Initially named 'Nonesuch'
1855
Nonesuch bought by John Blackman and renamed Farnborough.  Additions built
1859
Municipality of Wollongong declared
1860
Post Office is opened at Charcoal. Tannery is established at Charcoal by John Richardson
1873
Survey for construction of Sydney to Illawarra railway begins
1878
Unanderra Public School is opened.
1878
Central Illawarra Council transfers its operations to Charcoal
1880
Government railway line built in Illawarra
1881
Government Gazette changes the name of the local post office from Charcoal to Unanderra
1882
Mount Kembla coal mine constructs rail link to Port Kembla.
1887
Butter factory is opened at Unanderra.
1887
Unanderra Station Master’s residence built.
1888
Unanderra Coke Works are constructed.
1901
Unanderra Public Hall is opened.
1902
96 lives are lost in the Mount Kembla Mine Disaster.
1913
Unanderra Butter factory burns down
1913
First motor bus used in Wollongong.
1926
Steel works are established at Port Kembla
1927
Construction of Unanderra - Moss Vale railway line commences.
1927
The Princes Highway is laid through Unanderra
1932
Unanderra - Moss Vale line opens
1956
Farmborough Road Primary School opens.  1st Principal Mr. W. A. Bayley.
1960's
Diesel trains replace steam engines on Illawarra line
1969
'Kembla Park' demolished
1974
Feasibility study done on lower slopes of Mount Kembla for possible urban development (Cordeaux Heights)
1975
Farmborough Chase housing development is established
1978
Structure Plan for Cordeaux Heights compiled and published by Forbes & Assoc. Land Development Consultants
1979
Development strategy for Cordeaux Heights Estate put to W.C.C. based on 1974 feasibility study
1979
Farmborough Grove Retirement Village purchases 18 acres on site of 'Pea Paddock' of Kembla Park
1982
Farmborough Grove Retirement Village, Waples Road, opens on 14th March
1986
Wollongong Christian School opens 6 blocks with approx. 60 students.  Principal Mr. Chris Connor.
1986
Trains on Illawarra line electrified
1999
Unanderra Public School relocates from the Princes Highway to Derribong Drive, Cordeaux Heights
2002
Western Suburbs Child-care Centre officially opened in October
2003
Unanderra Public School celebrates 125 years. Innovative new school opened at Cordeaux Heights in 1999
2005
Round House in Cordeaux Road sold. Was built 50 years ago
2009
Keelong Juvenile Justice Centre closed in February
 Bibliography

Davis, Wayne, Environment Illawarra : initiatives, Wollongong : Keira Green Corridor Committee, 1995

Dunn, K. R., Development strategy - Cordeaux Heights Estate : Town Planner's Report 29/3/79, Wollongong : The Council, 1979

English, Helen.  Unanderra Community Profile.  Wollongong City Council Community Services Division, 1985.

Environment Illawarra : the Keira Green Corridor, Wollongong, N.S.W.: Wollongong City Council, 1992.

Forbes and Associates.  Structure Plan for Cordeaux Heights.  [Wollongong] : Forbes & Associates, [1978] 

Golder Moss Associates.  Report to Forbes & Assoc. on preliminary feasibility investigation and slope stability study for possible urban development.  Central Kembla.  N.S.W.  The Author.  1974.

Hagan, Jim & Wells Andrew, (eds.), A History of Wollongong, Wollongong, N.S.W. : University of Wollongong Press, 1997

Illawarra Family History Group, Illawarra Pioneers Pre 1920, Wollongong, N.S.W. : Illawarra Family History Group,1992

Kembla Green Corridor Committee.  The Kembla Green Corridor: overview.  Wollongong City Council, 1991.

McNamara, John Leo, Life at Cordeaux River, New South Wales, Fairy Meadow, NSW : J. McNamara, c2007

McNamara, John Leo, Memories of Cordeaux, 2nd ed., 1997

R. W. Sheargold Pty Ltd, Proposed residential development at Central Kembla, [Wollongong] : R.W.Sheargold, 1974.

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